Older babies and young children may suffer from dryness, itchiness, or sore patches on the skin. Some skin irritations may only be sensitive skin reacting to a change in the weather; others may be symptoms of conditions caused by bacteria, fungi, tiny worms or insects, and can be extremely itchy, very infectious, and need medical attention. If your child has itchy or sore skin, it is important to know what the problem is – and how to deal with it: Dry skin may be extra-sensitive in very cold weather. game of thrones season 7 online free
- Nylon or pure wool clothing next to sensitive skin can irritate – use cotton or cotton-mix.
- Use un-perfumed wipes, or cleansers – many are specially made for sensitive skin.
- Use a water-soluble washing cream that will leave a protective film on your child’s skin.
- If your child’s cheeks, nose or lips are sore, apply a cream that is made specifically for the problem.
Eczema is not caused by an infection – nor is it contagious.
- There are several types and causes. Atopic eczema is the most common, often family-related.
- Symptoms can vary from the occasional dry patch, to severely itchy patches and open sores.
- Eczema may persist for years, or a child may ‘grow out’ of it by the age of four or five.
- Sufferers may need specifically designed bath washes and creams.
Impetigo is a very contagious bacterial infection, and requires medical attention – antibiotic cream and medicine are usually prescribed.
- Small blisters quickly turn into pus-filled sores that open and weep, then dry to yellowish ‘crusts’, and as sores heal they leave temporary red rings.
- Keep your child away from other children until there are no fresh sores.
- At home, keep your child’s towel well away from others.
- Don’t let your child pick ‘crusts’ – cover with a light gauze if possible, to keep fingers away.
- Wash your hands well if you touch an infected area.
- Red circular areas appear anywhere on the skin – often in the groin or on the scalp.
- On the scalp, tufts of hair may come out, leaving a sore patch.
- Needs medical diagnosis and a cream or medication.
- Avoid direct contact and keep the child’s towels etc. separate.
- Make sure that any pets are checked and treated by a vet.
Molluscum Contagiosum is a viral infection that is contagious.
- Small yellowish-white rather pearl-like raised spots – can be up to 1cm (½ inch) across.
- May be single or in clusters.
- A doctor may diagnose by sight, or take a small sample for testing.
- Usually go away in time, but avoid direct contact and keep towels, etc. separate.
Warts and verrucas are caused by a virus – they are contagious, but harmless.
- Warts are raised rough growths that can occur anywhere on the body. A verruca is a type of wart that affects the sole of the foot – sometimes transferred around swimming pools.
- Rare in babies, warts usually affect older children – between 6 and 12 years of age.
- Warts and verrucas normally just disappear within one or two years, but there are over-the-counter treatments.
- If persistent or large, they may be removed by a medical professional – by freezing.